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IJBC 2010, 2(2): 49-60 Back to browse issues page
Molecular Markers in Neuroblastoma
Abstract:   (6579 Views)
Neuroblastoma, one of the common malignant childhood tumors, arises from neuroblast cells derived from the
neural crest and destined for the adrenal medulla and the sympathetic nervous system and shows remarkable biological
heterogeneity, resulting in favorable or unfavorable outcomes. Some tumors make rapid progress with a fatal
outcome. In other instances, the tumors regress spontaneously in infants or to differentiate into a benign ganglioneuroma
in older patients. This heterogeneity within neuroblastoma depends on the molecular characteristics of tumor
cells. Several distinct genomic alterations have been found in neuroblastoma, including MYCN amplification, DNA
ploidy, deletion of the short arm of chromosome 1, gain of chromosome 17q, and deletion of 11q. The difference of
expression was also found in genes related to cellular growth, differentiation, and apoptosis of neural network including
signaling by NTRK1 or ALK receptor tyrosine kinases, and telomerase activity. And this presentation discusses
diagnostic and prognostic molecular makers for extensive heterogeneity of neuroblastoma. This should lead to more
risk-adapted therapies according to the genetic markers by which individual neuroblastomas are biologically characterized.
Keywords: Neuroblastoma, Prognosis, MYCN, Ploidy, Chromosome, Telomerase, Telomere, Apoptosis
Full-Text [PDF 2803 kb]   (2884 Downloads)    
: Research | Subject: Pediatric Hematology & Oncology
Received: 2011/03/12
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Molecular Markers in Neuroblastoma. IJBC. 2010; 2 (2) :49-60
URL: http://ijbc.ir/article-1-173-en.html


Volume 2, Issue 2 (Winter 2010) Back to browse issues page
مجله ی خون و سرطان ایران Iranian Journal of Blood and Cancer
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