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:: Volume 10, Issue 2 (June 2018 2018) ::
IJBC 2018, 10(2): 43-49 Back to browse issues page
Hypoxia Preconditioning Promotes Survival And Clonogenic Capacity Of Human Umbilical Cord Blood Mesenchymal Stem Cells
Ziba Asadpoor Dezaki , Maryam Kheirandish *
Immunology Department, Blood Transfusion Research Center, High Institute for Research and Education in Transfusion Medicine (IBTO), Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (280 Views)
Background: In recent decade, human umbilical cord blood derived mesenchymal stem cells (hUCB-MSCs) provide enormous potential for appropriate cell therapy, but they have limited growth potential and cease to proliferate due to cellular senescence, so providing a strategy for increasing the stem cell survival is necessary. 
Methods: In this investigation, MSCs characterized by flow cytometry were isolated from umbilical cord blood. Hypoxia preconditioning (HPC) was induced in a water-saturated gas mixture of 2.5% O2 and 5% CO2 for 15 min and then reoxygenation at 21% O2 for 30 min at 37 °C.  Subsequently, hypoxia preconditioned hUCB-MSCs were exposed to 2.5% O2 and 5% CO2 for 24, 48 and 72 hr (HPC + hypoxia groups). We examined the proliferation capacity of hUCB-MSCs after HPC in comparison with normoxia status, and we determined the best duration time of being under hypoxia (24, 48 or 72 hr of hypoxia). In order to assess the role of HPC on the expression of surface markers, cells were analyzed by flow cytometry. Proliferation of cells was evaluated using MTT assay, and doubling time and colony-forming unit-fibroblast (CFU-F) was calculated in each group. 
Results: The MTT results showed that cell viability of HPC-UCB-MSCs significantly increased in comparison with UCB-MSCs under normoxia condition. Our study revealed that HPC reduces the doubling time of UCB-MSCs remarkably after passaging 48 hours of hypoxia. Our results proved that HPC can significantly increase the CFU-F colony numbers of hUCB-MSCs without any alteration on cell surface marker expression.  
Conclusion: Our results suggested that HPC of umbilical cord blood derived mesenchymal stem cells along with induction of hypoxia can provide a suitable culture condition for rapid proliferation of mesenchymal stem cells with no effect on their immunophenotype features and it could be a potential therapeutic option for increasing the capability of MSCs.
Keywords: Cell proliferation, Cell survival, Hypoxia preconditioning, Mesenchymal stromal cell, Umbilical cord blood, Surface marker expression, Tissue differentiating capability
Full-Text [PDF 1648 kb]   (218 Downloads)    
: Research | Subject: Adults Hematology & Oncology
Received: 2018/02/21 | Accepted: 2018/07/7 | Published: 2018/08/26
* Corresponding Author Address: Blood Transfusion Research Center, High Institute for Research and Education in Transfusion Medicine (IBTO)
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Asadpoor Dezaki Z, Kheirandish M. Hypoxia Preconditioning Promotes Survival And Clonogenic Capacity Of Human Umbilical Cord Blood Mesenchymal Stem Cells . IJBC. 2018; 10 (2) :43-49
URL: http://ijbc.ir/article-1-788-en.html


Volume 10, Issue 2 (June 2018 2018) Back to browse issues page
مجله ی خون و سرطان ایران Iranian Journal of Blood and Cancer
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