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:: Volume 11, Issue 1 (March 2019 2019) ::
IJBC 2019, 11(1): 13-17 Back to browse issues page
The Effect of Hydration Therapy with and without Magnesium Sulfate on Prevention of Cisplatin-Induced Nephrotoxicity
Farzaneh Ashrafi, Masih Erfani, Sarah Mousavi *
Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
Abstract:   (324 Views)
Background: Cisplatin is an antineoplastic agent used to treat many malignancies; however, the main side effect of cisplatin is nephrotoxicity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of hydration therapy with and without magnesium on prevention of cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity.
Methods: This retrospective study was performed on 46 patients with malignancy who were candidate to receive cisplatin as their protocol for chemotherapy during years 2011-2016. Of these, 22 patients were treated with hydration and magnesium sulfate (1 gr magnesium sulfate 50% and 10 mEq potassium chloride 15% in 1000 ml normal saline before and after cisplatin administration) and 24 patients were treated with hydration alone. Cisplatin was administered in cycles every 21 days. Serum sodium, Potassium, creatinine (sCr) and creatinine clearance (CrCl) were assessed before each chemotherapy cycle and after the last course of chemotherapy.
Results: There was significant difference between two studied groups in post chemotherapy sCr and Potassium (P<0.05); however, no significant difference was observed between two groups in serum magnesium and sodium levels (P>0.05). In terms of sCr, as nephrotoxicity index, the absolute risk of nephrotoxicity in patients receiving hydration with magnesium was 19% more than the other group. The relative risk of nephrotoxicity in patients receiving hydration with magnesium was 4.4 fold more than another group.
Conclusion: Risk of cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity in patients receiving hydration with magnesium sulfate was higher than group of patients not receiving magnesium besides hydration.
Keywords: Cisplatin toxicity, Nephrotoxicity, Hydration, Magnesium sulfate
Full-Text [PDF 652 kb]   (92 Downloads)    
: Research | Subject: Adults Hematology & Oncology
Received: 2018/09/23 | Accepted: 2019/01/15
* Corresponding Author Address: Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Hezar Jerib Avenue, Isfahan, Iran.
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Ashrafi F, Erfani M, Mousavi S. The Effect of Hydration Therapy with and without Magnesium Sulfate on Prevention of Cisplatin-Induced Nephrotoxicity. IJBC. 2019; 11 (1) :13-17
URL: http://ijbc.ir/article-1-836-en.html


Volume 11, Issue 1 (March 2019 2019) Back to browse issues page
مجله ی خون و سرطان ایران Iranian Journal of Blood and Cancer
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